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Grasses  •  Sedges & Rushes  •  Wildflowers & Legumes  •  Cover Crops


NATIVE SEEDS: WILDFLOWERS & LEGUMES
 
SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME Wetl. Code Soil Moist.
Sun Exp.
Ht.
Color Bloom Month
 
 
Achillea millifolium Yarrow UPL M-D
3'
White May-Jul
Acorus calamus Sweet Flag OBL W-WM
2'
Green May-Jul
Agastache foeniculum Anise Hyssop M-DM
3'
Purple Jun-Sep
Agastache scrophulariifolia Purple Giant Hyssop UPL WM-DM
6'
Purple Jul-Oct
Alisma subcordatum Water Plantain OBL W
3'
White Jun-Sep
Alisma triviale Northern Water Plantain OBL W
3'
White Jun-Sep
Allium canadense Wild Garlic FACU WM-D
18"
Pink May-Jul
Allium cernuum Nodding Onion WM-DM
18"
Lav. Jul-Aug
Allium stellatum Prairie Onion UPL M-D
14"
Lav. Jul-Aug
Amorpha canescens Lead Plant UPL M-D
3'
Purple Jun-Jul
Amorpha fruticosa False Indigo FACW+ WM-DM
12'
Purple Jun-Aug
Anemone canadensis Canada Anemone FACW WM-M
1'
White May-Jun
Anemone cylindrica Thimbleweed UPL M-D
2'
White Jun-Jul
Anemone virginiana Tall Thimbleweed UPL M-DM
3'
White Jun-Aug
Angelica atropurpurea Angelica OBL WM-M
7'
White May-Jun
Aquilegia canadensis Columbine FAC- M-D
2'
Red & Yellow Apr-Jun
Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-Pulpit FACW- WM-DM
2'
Green Apr-Jul
Artemisia ludoviciana Prairie Sage UPL M-D
3'
Green Jul-Sep
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed OBL W-M
4'
Red Jun-Aug
Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed UPL WM-D
3'
Purple Jun-Aug
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed UPL M-D
2'
Orange Jun-Aug
Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed UPL M-D
2'
White Jul-Sep
Aster azureus Sky Blue Aster UPL M-D
3'
Blue Aug-Oct
Aster ciliolatus Lindley's Aster    
3'
Blue Aug-Oct
Aster drummondii Drummond's Aster UPL WM-DM
3'
Blue Sep-Oct
Aster ericoides Heath Aster FACU- M-D
2'
White Aug-Oct
Aster laevis Smooth Blue Aster UPL WM-DM
4'
Blue Aug-Oct
Aster macrophyllus Large-leaved Aster UPL WM-D
1'
White Aug-Oct
Aster novae-angliae New England Aster FACW W-DM
4'
Purple Aug-Oct
Aster ptarmicoides Upland White Aster UPL DM-D
1'
White Jun-Sep
Aster puniceus Swamp Aster OBL W-WM
5'
Blue Aug-Oct
Aster sagittifolius Arrow-leaved Aster M-DM
3'
Aster sericeus Silky Aster UPL DM-D
1'
Purple Sep-Oct
Aster simplex Panicled Aster OBL WM-M
5'
White Sep-Oct
Aster umbellatus Flat-topped Aster FACW W-M
5'
Cream Aug-Oct
Astragalus canadensis Canada Milk Vetch FAC+ WM-DM
3'
Cream Jun-Aug
Baptisia alba White Wild Indigo FACU+ WM-D
4'
White Jun-Jul
Baptisia leucophaea Cream Wild Indigo UPL M-D
2'
Cream May-Jun
Bidens cernua Nodding Bur Marigold OBL W-WM
3'
Yellow Jun-Sep
Bidens frondosa Beggar's Tick FACW W-WM
3'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Boltonia asteroides False Aster FACW W-WM
4'
White Aug-Oct
Cacalia atriplicifolia Pale Indian Plantain UPL M-DM
7'
White Jul-Oct
Cacalia plantaginea Prairie Indian Plantain FAC WM-M
4'
White Jun-Jul
Cacalia suaveolens Sweet Indian Plantain OBL W-WM
7'
White Jul-Sep
Campanula americana Tall Bellflower FAC WM-DM
5'
Blue Jul-Oct
Cassia hebecarpa Wild Senna FACW WM-M
5'
Yellow Jul-Aug
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea DM-D
3'
White Jun-Jul
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge Pea FACU- M-D
2'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Chelone glabra Turtlehead OBL W-WM
5'
Cream Jul-Sep
Coreopsis lanceolata Sand Coreopsis FACU DM-D
2'
Yellow May-Aug
Coreopsis palmata Prairie Coreopsis UPL M-D
2'
Yellow Jun-Aug
Coreopsis tripteris Tall Coreopsis FAC WM-DM
7'
Yellow Jul-Oct
Dalea candidum White Prairie Clover UPL M-D
2'
White Jun-Sep
Dalea purpurea Purple Prairie Clover UPL M-D
2'
Purple Jul-Sep
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois Bundle Flower UPL M-D
5'
Yellow Jul-Aug
Desmodium canadense Showy Tick Trefoil FAC- WM-DM
5'
Purple Jul-Aug
Desmodium illinoense Illinois Tick Trefoil UPL DM-D
6'
Purple Jul-Aug
Dodecatheon meadia Midland Shooting Star FACU WM-DM
1'
Lav. Apr-Jun
Echinacea angustifolia Narrow-leaved Coneflower DM-D
2'
Pink Jun-Jul
Echinacea pallida Pale Purple Coneflower UPL M-D
3'
Lav. Jun-Jul
Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower UPL WM-DM
4'
Purple Jul-Sep
Eryngium yuccifolium Rattlesnake Master FAC+ WM-DM
4'
White Jul-Sep
Eupatorium maculatum Joe Pye Weed OBL W-WM
5'
Rose Jun-Aug
Eupatorium perfoliatum Boneset FACW+ W-WM
4'
White Jul-Sep
Eupatorium purpureum Sweet Joe Pye Weed UPL WM-DM
7'
Pink Jul-Sep
Euphorbia corollata Flowering Spurge UPL M-D
3'
White Jun-Aug
Gallium boreale Northern Bedstraw FAC W-DM
2'
White Jun-Aug
Gaura biennis Biennial Gaura FACU- WM-D
6'
Pink Jul-Oct
Gentiana andrewsii Bottle Gentian FACW WM-M
2'
Blue Aug-Oct
Gentiana flavida Cream Gentian FACU WM-DM
3'
Cream Aug-Sep
Geranium maculatum Wild Geranium FACU M-DM
1'
Lav. Apr-Jul
Helenium autumnale Sneezeweed FACW+ W-WM
4'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Helianthus giganteus Giant Sunflower FACW WM-M
8'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Helianthus grosseserratus Sawtooth Sunflower FACW- WM-DM
8'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Helianthus laetiflorus Showy Sunflower UPL DM-D
5'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Helianthus maximiliani Maximillian's Sunflower UPL WM-DM
7'
Yellow Aug-Sep
Helianthus occidentalis Western Sunflower FACU- M-D
3'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Helianthus strumosus Woodland Sunflower UPL WM-DM
3'
Yellow Jul-Oct
Heliopsis helianthoides Ox-eye Sunflower UPL WM-DM
5'
Yellow Jun-Sep
Heuchera richardsonii Prairie Alumroot FAC- WM-D
2'
White May-Jul
Hypericum pyramidatum Great St. John's Wort FAC+ WM-M
6'
Yellow Jul-Aug
Iris versicolor Northern Blue Flag Iris OBL W-M
3'
Blue May-Jul
Iris virginica shrevei Southern Blue Flag Iris OBL W-M
3'
Blue May-Jul
Kuhnia eupatorioides False Boneset UPL DM-D
3'
Cream Aug-Sep
Lespedeza capitata Round-headed Bush Clover FACU M-D
4'
Green Aug-Sep
Liatris aspera Button Blazingstar UPL M-D
3'
Purple Jul-Oct
Liatris cylindrica Dwarf Blazingstar UPL DM-D
1'
Purple Jul-Oct
Liatris ligulistylis Meadow Blazingstar WM-M
5'
Purple Aug-Sep
Liatris punctata Dotted Blazingstar UPL DM-D
2'
Rose Jul-Sep
Liatris pycnostachya Prairie Blazingstar FAC- W-M
4'
Purple Jul-Sep
Liatris spicata Marsh Blazingstar FAC W-M
5'
Purple Jul-Sep
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower OBL W-WM
4'
Red Jul-Sep
Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia FACW+ W-M
3'
Blue Jul-Oct
Ludwigia alternifolia Seedbox OBL WM
3'
Yellow Jun-Aug
Lupinus perennis Wild Lupine UPL DM-D
2'
Blue May-Jul
Lycopus americanus Water Horehound OBL W-WM
2'
White Jul-Sep
Mimulus ringens Monkey Flower OBL W-WM
2'
Violet Jun-Sep
Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot FACU WM-D
4'
Lav. Jul-Sep
Monarda punctata Spotted Bee Balm UPL DM-D
2'
Lav. Jul-Sep
Napaea dioica Glade Mallow FACW- WM-M
7'
White Jun-Aug
Oenothera biennis Common Evening Primrose FACU WM-D
6'
Yellow Jun-Sep
Parthenium integrifolium Wild Quinine UPL M-DM
4'
White Jun-Sep
Penstemon calycosus Calico Beardtongue FACU WM-M
4'
White Jun-Jul
Penstemon digitalis Foxglove Beardtongue FAC- M-DM
4'
White Jun-Jul
Penstemon grandiflorus Large-flowered Beardtongue UPL DM-D
2'
Lav. May-Jun
Penthorum sedoides Ditch Stonecrop OBL W-WM
2'
Green Jun-Sep
Phlox pilosa Prairie Phlox FAC- WM-D
2'
Pink May-Jul
Physostegia virginiana Obedient Plant FACW- W-M
4'
Pink Aug-Sep
Polygonatum canaliculatum Solomon's Seal FACU M-DM
4'
Green May-Jun
Potentilla arguta Prairie Cinquefoil FACU- DM-D
2'
Yellow Jun-Sep
Pycnanthemum virginianum Mountain Mint FACW+ W-M
3'
White Jun-Sep
Ratibida columnifera Long-headed Coneflower UPL M-D
3'
Yellow Jun-Aug
Ratibida pinnata Yellow Coneflower UPL M-DM
5'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Rosa arkansana Prairie Wild Rose UPL WM-D
2'
Pink Jun-Aug
Rosa blanda Early Wild Rose FACU M-D
5'
Pink Jun-Jul
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan FACU WM-D
2'
Yellow Jun-Oct
Rudbeckia laciniata Wild Golden Glow FACW+ WM-M
7'
Yellow Jul-Oct
Rudbeckia subtomentosa Sweet Black-eyed Susan FACW+ WM-DM
5'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Rudbeckia triloba Brown-eyed Susan FAC- WM-DM
5'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Sagittaria latifolia Common Arrowhead OBL W
3'
White Jul-Sep
Scrophularia lanceolata Early Figwort FAC+ WM-D
5'
Green May-Jul
Silphium integrifolium Rosin Weed UPL WM-D
5'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Silphium laciniatum Compass Plant UPL WM-D
8'
Yellow Jun-Sep
Silphium perfoliatum Cup Plant FACW- WM-M
8'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie Dock FACU WM-DM
9'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Smilacina racemosa Solomon's Plume FACU WM-D
2'
White Apr-Jun
Solidago gramnifolia Grass-leaved Goldenrod FACW- W-D
2'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Solidago nemoralis Gray Goldenrod UPL DM-D
2'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Solidago ohioensis Ohio Goldenrod OBL W-M
3'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Solidago riddellii Riddell's Goldenrod OBL W-M
3'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Solidago rigida Stiff Goldenrod FACU- WM-D
4'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Solidago speciosa Showy Goldenrod UPL M-D
5'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Sparganium eurycarpum Giant Bur Reed OBL W
4'
White Jun-Aug
Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple Meadow Rue FACW- WM-M
6'
Cream Jun-Jul
Thalictrum dioicum Early Meadow Rue FACU+ WM-DM
2'
Green Apr-May
Tradescantia bracteata Prairie Spiderwort FACU- DM-D
1'
Purple May-Jul
Tradescantia occidentalis Western Spiderwort UPL DM-D
2'
Blue May-Jul
Tradescantia ohiensis Ohio Spiderwort FACU+ WM-D
3'
Blue May-Jul
Verbena hastata Blue Vervain FACW+ W-M
5'
Blue Jul-Sep
Verbena stricta Hoary Vervain UPL DM-D
2'
Blue Jun-Sep
Vernonia fasciculata Common Ironweed FACW WM-M
6'
Purple Jul-Sep
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's Root FAC WM-DM
5'
White Jun-Aug
Vicia americana American Vetch FAC WM-D
1'
Purple May-Aug
Viola pedatifida Prairie Violet FACU- M-DM
6"
Violet Apr-Jun
Zigadenus elegans White Camass FAC- M-D
3'
White May-Jun
Zizia aptera Heartleaf Alexanders FACU M-DM
2'
Yellow Apr-May
Zizia aurea Golden Alexanders FAC+ WM-DM
3'
Yellow Apr-Jun

WETLAND CODE:

OBL - Obligate Wetland: Occurs almost always under natural conditions in wetlands.

FACW - Facultative Wetland: Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally found in non-wetlands.

FAC - Facultative: Equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands.

FACU - Facultative Upland: Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally found in wetlands.

UPL - Obligate Upland: Occurs almost always under natural conditions in non-wetlands.
SOIL MOISTURE:

W (Wet) - Saturated Soil

WM (Wet Mesic) - Seasonally Saturated Soil

M (Mesic) - Moderately Moist Soil

DM (Dry Mesic) - Well Drained Soil

D (Dry) - Excessively Drained Soil



SUN EXPOSURE:

  Full Sun

  Partial Sun

  Shade





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