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Introduction  •  Grasses  •  Sedges & Rushes  •  Wildflowers & Legumes


NATIVE PLANTS: WILDFLOWERS & LEGUMES
SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME Wetl. Code Soil Moist.
Sun Exp.
Ht.
Color Bloom Month
 
 
Acorus calamus Sweet Flag OBL W-WM
2'
Green May-Jul
Alisma subcordatum Water Plantain OBL W
3'
White Jun-Sep
Allium cernuum Nodding Onion WM-DM
18"
Lav. Jul-Aug
Amorpha canescens Lead Plant UPL M-D
3'
Purple Jun-Jul
Anemone canadensis Canada Anemone FACW WM-M
1'
White May-Jun
Anemone cylindrica Thimbleweed UPL M-D
2'
White Jun-Jul
Aquilegia canadensis Columbine FAC- M-D
2'
Red & Yellow Apr-Jun
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed OBL W-M
4'
Red Jun-Aug
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed UPL M-D
2'
Orange Jun-Aug
Aster azureus Sky Blue Aster UPL M-D
3'
Blue Aug-Oct
Aster ericoides Heath Aster FACU- M-D
2'
White Aug-Oct
Aster laevis Smooth Blue Aster UPL WM-DM
4'
Blue Aug-Oct
Aster novae-angliae New England Aster FACW W-DM
4'
Purple Aug-Oct
Aster puniceus Swamp Aster OBL W-WM
5'
Blue Aug-Oct
Aster sericeus Silky Aster UPL DM-D
1'
Purple Sep-Oct
Baptisia alba White Wild Indigo FACU+ WM-D
4'
White Jun-Jul
Boltonia asteroides False Aster FACW W-WM
4'
White Aug-Oct
Campanula americana Tall Bellflower FAC WM-DM
5'
Blue Jul-Oct
Coreopsis palmata Prairie Coreopsis UPL M-D
2'
Yellow Jun-Aug
Dalea candidum White Prairie Clover UPL M-D
2'
White Jun-Sep
Dalea purpurea Purple Prairie Clover UPL M-D
2'
Purple Jul-Sep
Desmodium canadense Showy Tick Trefoil FAC- WM-DM
5'
Purple Jul-Aug
Echinacea pallida Pale Purple Coneflower UPL M-D
3'
Lav. Jun-Jul
Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower UPL WM-DM
4'
Purple Jul-Sep
Eryngium yuccifolium Rattlesnake Master FAC+ WM-DM
4'
White Jul-Sep
Eupatorium maculatum Joe Pye Weed OBL W-WM
5'
Rose Jun-Aug
Eupatorium perfoliatum Boneset FACW+ W-WM
4'
White Jul-Sep
Geranium maculatum Wild Geranium FACU M-DM
1'
Lav. Apr-Jul
Geum triflorum Prairie Smoke FACU- WM-D
8"
Red Apr-Jun
Helenium autumnale Sneezeweed FACW+ W-WM
4'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Heliopsis helianthoides Ox-eye Sunflower UPL WM-DM
5'
Yellow Jun-Sep
Heuchera richardsonii Prairie Alumroot FAC- WM-D
2'
White May-Jul
Iris versicolor Northern Blue Flag Iris OBL W-M
3'
Blue May-Jul
Iris virginica shrevei Southern Blue Flag Iris OBL W-M
3'
Blue May-Jul
Lespedeza capitata Round-headed Bush Clover FACU M-D
4'
Green Aug-Sep
Liatris aspera Button Blazingstar UPL M-D
3'
Purple Jul-Oct
Liatris pycnostachya Prairie Blazingstar FAC- W-M
4'
Purple Jul-Sep
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower OBL W-WM
4'
Red Jul-Sep
Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia FACW+ W-M
3'
Blue Jul-Oct
Lupinus perennis Wild Lupine UPL DM-D
2'
Blue May-Jul
Mimulus ringens Monkey Flower OBL W-WM
2'
Violet Jun-Sep
Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot FACU WM-D
4'
Lav. Jul-Sep
Penstemon grandiflorus Large-flowered Beardtongue UPL DM-D
2'
Lav. May-Jun
Physostegia virginiana Obedient Plant FACW- W-M
4'
Pink Aug-Sep
Potentilla arguta Prairie Cinquefoil FACU- DM-D
2'
Yellow Jun-Sep
Pycnanthemum virginianum Mountain Mint FACW+ W-M
3'
White Jun-Sep
Ratibida pinnata Yellow Coneflower UPL M-DM
5'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan FACU WM-D
2'
Yellow Jun-Oct
Rudbeckia laciniata Wild Golden Glow FACW+ WM-M
7'
Yellow Jul-Oct
Sagittaria latifolia Common Arrowhead OBL W
3'
White Jul-Sep
Silphium laciniatum Compass Plant UPL WM-D
8'
Yellow Jun-Sep
Silphium perfoliatum Cup Plant FACW- WM-M
8'
Yellow Jul-Sep
Solidago nemoralis Gray Goldenrod UPL DM-D
2'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Solidago riddellii Riddell's Goldenrod OBL W-M
3'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Solidago rigida Stiff Goldenrod FACU- WM-D
4'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Solidago speciosa Showy Goldenrod UPL M-D
5'
Yellow Aug-Oct
Sparganium eurycarpum Giant Bur Reed OBL W
4'
White Jun-Aug
Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple Meadow Rue FACW- WM-M
6'
Cream Jun-Jul
Tradescantia ohiensis Ohio Spiderwort FACU+ WM-D
3'
Blue May-Jul
Verbena hastata Blue Vervain FACW+ W-M
5'
Blue Jul-Sep
Verbena stricta Hoary Vervain UPL DM-D
2'
Blue Jun-Sep
Vernonia fasciculata Common Ironweed FACW WM-M
6'
Purple Jul-Sep
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's Root FAC WM-DM
5'
White Jun-Aug
Zizia aptera Heartleaf Alexanders FACU M-DM
2'
Yellow Apr-May
Zizia aurea Golden Alexanders FAC+ WM-DM
3'
Yellow Apr-Jun

 


WETLAND CODE:

OBL - Obligate Wetland: Occurs almost always under natural conditions in wetlands.

FACW - Facultative Wetland: Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally found in non-wetlands.

FAC - Facultative: Equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands.

FACU - Facultative Upland: Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally found in wetlands.

UPL - Obligate Upland: Occurs almost always under natural conditions in non-wetlands.
SOIL MOISTURE:

W (Wet) - Saturated Soil

WM (Wet Mesic) - Seasonally Saturated Soil

M (Mesic) - Moderately Moist Soil

DM (Dry Mesic) - Well Drained Soil

D (Dry) - Excessively Drained Soil



SUN EXPOSURE:

  Full Sun

  Partial Sun

  Shade





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